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Thursday, May 7, 2020 | History

5 edition of Ontogeny, Phylogeny, and Historical Development found in the catalog.

Ontogeny, Phylogeny, and Historical Development

(Human Development)

by Sidney Strauss

  • 22 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by Ablex Publishing .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Epistemology, theory of knowledge,
  • Intelligence,
  • Psychology,
  • Epistemology,
  • Thought and thinking,
  • General,
  • Psychology & Psychiatry / General,
  • Cognition in children,
  • Developmental biology,
  • Knowledge, Theory of

  • The Physical Object
    FormatHardcover
    Number of Pages184
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL8236818M
    ISBN 100893913847
    ISBN 109780893913847

    "Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" was Haeckel's answer--the wrong one--to the most vexing question of nineteenth-century biology: what is the relationship between individual development (ontogeny) and the evolution of species and lineages (phylogeny)? In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Jay Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation .   Thus, the scientist looking for objective indices of subjective events is primarily limited to humans manifesting access consciousness, an obstacle in studying the evolution of consciousness antecedent to our species. We could, however, take solace in the dictum that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny and search for clues in developing by:

    Ontogeny and Phylogeny of the functions. closely related species can be produced by allometric shifts in development, entailing greater relative growth in . The book purchased was a used copy of Stephen Gould's "Ontogeny and Phylogeny" in paperback. The book was no surprise since I knew what it was. Condition was as advertised, I think, but was excellent at any rate. Delivery was within a reasonable time/5(8).

    The evolution of the unique human brain included changes in the pattern of brain growth and development. Therefore investigation of ontogenetic patterns is key to . Haeckel's "Law": Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny An example of the scientific method in action In the 19th century, the German Biologist Ernst Haeckel () popularized what he called the “law of recapitulation” Many scientists at the time noted that the embryos of different animals all looked very much alike. The younger the embryo, the more they had.


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Ontogeny, Phylogeny, and Historical Development by Sidney Strauss Download PDF EPUB FB2

'Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny' was Ontogeny answer to 19th-century biology's most vexing question: what is the relationship between individual development and the evolution of species and lineages. Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its first appearance among the pre-Socratics to its fall in the early 20th century.

Ontogeny (also ontogenesis or morphogenesis) is the origination and development of an organism (both physical and psychological, e.g., moral development), usually from the time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form—although the term can be used to refer to the study of the entirety of an organism's lifespan.

Ontogeny is the developmental history of. Ontogeny and Phylogeny is an important and thoughtful book which will be a valuable Ontogeny of ideas and controversies for anyone interested in evolutionary or developmental biology.”―Matt Cartmill, Science “It is rare indeed to read a new book and recognize it for a classic Gould has given biologists a new way to see the organisms they Cited by:   This book emphasizes the changes in developmental timing that produce parallels between the stages of ontogeny and phylogeny.” (Pg.

2) He adds, “Another motive for writing the book is my belief that the history of recapitulation illustrates some generalities about science that will surprise no historian but prove interesting to many /5(14). Genre/Form: Aufsatzsammlung: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Ontogeny, phylogeny, and historical development.

Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Pub. Corp., © I think this is my favorite book by Stephen Jay Gould, which is saying quite a bit. He goes through and Historical Development book history and philosophy of science in the attempts to understand the mechanisms of evolution, particularly the development (ontogeny) of an individual species, and the evolutionary "shrub" (phylogeny) and how the two are connected/5.

Ontogeny and Phylogeny by Stephen Jay Gould,what is the relationship between individual development (ontogeny) and the evolution of species and lineages (phylogeny). In this, the first major book on the subject in fifty years, Stephen Jay Gould documents the history of the idea of recapitulation from its first appearance /5().

Thus its development would reiterate its evolutionary history — ontogeny recapitulating phylogeny. This idea is an extreme one.

If it were strictly true, it would predict, for example, that in the course of a chick's development, it would go through the following stages: a single celled organism, a multi-celled invertebrate ancestor, a fish.

Ontogeny and Phylogeny is a book published inin which the author Stephen J. Gould, who worked in the US, tells a history of the theory of recapitulation.

A theory of recapitulation aims to explain the relationship between the embryonic development of an organism and the evolution of that organism's species ().Although there are several variations of recapitulationist theories.

These two processes, ‘ontogeny’ and ‘phylogeny’, describe respectively the development of an organism and the history of evolution of a set of species. Because the ontogeny of similar species are similar it became clear that they went through many.

; Ontogeny and phylogeny in the conflict of "evolution" and epigenesist: the idyll of Charles Bonnet Transcendental origins, Naturphilosophie: an expression of developmentalism ; Two leading recapitulationists among the naturphilosophen: Oken and Meckel: Oken's classification of animals by linear additions of organs ; J.F.

The authors in this book treat a number of issues that pertain to relations between ontogeny, phylogeny, and historical development. Some show parallels among them, others show convergences, while still others show how they can inform each other. Chapters deal with the importance of this area Author: Sidney Strauss.

His massive book (in each chapter of which there is as much material as in whole books by other writers) is both a historical exposition of the whole subject of ontogeny and phylogeny, and a fascinating attempt at a functional interpretation of those phylogenetic alterations that involve changes of timing developmental processes in related Brand: Harvard.

Ontogeny and Phylogeny Stephen Jay Gould “Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny” was Haeckel’s answer—the wrong one—to the most vexing question of nineteenth-century biology: what is the relationship between individual development (ontogeny) and. CHAPTER 8: ONTOGENY AND PHYLOGENY.

STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. cassmon Terms in this set (20) Ontogeny. is the development and growth of the individual. The study of ontogeny can help to explain form. By studying how a structure grows, we may learn its adaptive significance and make.

Stephen Jay Gould, Ontogeny and Phylogeny, p. 72 belief that ontogeny (individual growth) recapitulates phylogeny (the history of the type) thus owes little to Darwinism and is more characteristic of the non-Darwinian, or developmental, view of evolution.

Ontogeny is the study of the development of organisms while phylogeny is the study of evolution. Both words were coined during at the International Scientific Vocabulary. Latest posts by joshua (see all) Difference Between Sore Throat and Strep Throat - March 5, Difference Between Poisonous and Venomous - March 4, /5(7).

Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Ontogeny and Phylogeny by Stephen Jay Gould (, Paperback) at the best online prices at.

Product Information. The study of animal development has deep historical roots in codifying the field of evolutionary biology. In the s evolutionary theory became engulfed by analyses of microevolutionary genetics and development became focused on mechanisms, forsaking the evolutionary implications of ontogeny.

This book is really different from what Stephen J Gould has accustomed us to in his later and more popular works. Though we do recognise his wit and incredible knowledge in various areas, the topic of the book (the rise, impacts, implications, and fall of the idea that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny) is treated epistemologically/5(10).

Define ontogeny. ontogeny synonyms, ontogeny pronunciation, ontogeny translation, English dictionary definition of ontogeny. n. pl. ontogenies The development of an individual organism or a part of an organism from inception to maturity. Key Difference – Ontogeny vs Phylogeny. Ontogeny is a field of study that focuses on the aspect of the development of living organisms while phylogeny is a field of study that focuses on the study of the history of the evolution of a particular species.

This is the key difference between ontogeny and phylogeny. In the context of modern biology, scientists .great historical theme of parallels between on-togeny and phylogeny rests entirely upon the relative frequency of evolution by displacement rather than by introduction." (p.Gould's emphasis.) In his analysis of this displacement Gould forces a dissociation of the processes of mat-uration, growth and development.

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